老人居住安排滿意與否之改變Changes in Satisfaction with Living Arrangements among the Elderly
Satisfaction with living arrangements is critical to the welfare of the elderly. This article uses a longitudinal data source, applies a theoretical basis of person-environment congruence and basic-needs content, and takes the dynamic variables, the changes in related variables between the baseline and follow-up, as independent variables to examine the determinants of changes in satisfaction with living arrangements among the elderly. The results indicate that both person-environment congruence and basic-needs content partially cause changes in satisfaction with living arrangements, and the “love me, love my dog” hypothesis is also fulfilled. This study suggests that changes in satisfaction with living arrangements are mainly attributed to the congruence or fit between the environment and the individual. The empirical results also show that those who like the current housing as opposed to disliking it, and find it convenient to see a doctor as opposed to finding it inconvenient, are more likely to be satisfied with living arrangements than dissatisfied, and less likely to be dissatisfied with living arrangements than satisfied. Satisfaction with living arrangements as opposed to dissatisfaction with them is more likely to occur when a senior transits to live only with a spouse or his or her financial situation improves. On the contrary, dissatisfaction with living arrangements as opposed to satisfaction with them is more likely to occur when a senior’s financial situation worsens. The proportion of dissatisfaction with living arrangements increases as age increases, and those more advanced in age are more likely to be dissatisfied with living arrangements as opposed to being satisfied with them. Fortunately, improving the living environment may increase the probability of satisfaction with living arrangements from dissatisfaction with them, and having a religious belief may reduce the probability of dissatisfaction with living arrangements as opposed to satisfaction with them.
Key words: satisfaction with living arrangements, living arrangements transitions, senior housing, person-environment congruence