國有地之被占與排除—弱勢占用者之觀點The Unauthorized Use and Subsequent Exclusion from Government-owned Land: The Viewpoint of the Disadvantaged Minority
The unauthorized use of land is one of the most difficult problems faced by the governmentowned land authorities. While most research on exclusion from land due to unauthorized use focuses on the part of the management sector, this study takes into consideration the unauthorized land-users’ viewpoint when discussing the land problem. After analyzing the literature and interviewing relevant people, some practical solutions are suggested.This study finds that land belonging to the Chinese Military Academy was illegally taken,mostly by veterans, who used the land mostly for housing. The main reasons for this illegal action given by the unauthorized users were that they felt unequally treated, their financial situation required it, and they depended on the land. Of course, the military authorities’ negligence only made the situation worse. This study also finds that most unauthorized users asked for alternative housing and compensation, while the military wanted to resort to law. In this way, we can elastically solve the unauthorized-use problem, help those illegal-land users abide by the law, resolve the conflicts between the military and civilians, and promote the efficient management of land used for national defense purposes.
Key words: Unauthorized use, Government-owned land